Iowa’s Egg Industry Facts

2018 Iowa Egg Industry Fact Sheet

  • Iowa’s egg farmers lead the nation in egg production, caring for nearly 55 million laying hens producing nearly 16 billion eggs per year. That’s almost one out of every six eggs produced in the United States!
  • Iowa’s egg industry feeds the state economy in a big way. The industry contributes about $2.4 billion in total sales, some 8,825 jobs, more than $502 million in personal wages and nearly $22.8 million in state tax revenues.
  • Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production divided by the total population. It does not represent demand. (USDA has recently adjusted data to reflect 2000 Census figures.)
1996 – 234.62004 – 257.12012 - 254.3
1997 – 235.62005 – 255.42013 - 258.2
1998 - 239.72006 – 258.12014 - 267.5
1999 – 249.82007 – 251.72015 - 256.3
2000 – 251.72008 - 248.32016 - 274.7
2001 – 252.82009 - 248.42017 - 274.2
2002 – 255.92010 - 249.32018 - 278.9 (est.)
2003 – 254.72011 - 249.9

Currently, the top ten egg producing states are:

(ranked by number of layers represented in thousands)

  1. Iowa – 53,982
  2. Indiana – 31,750
  3. Ohio – 30,907
  4. Pennsylvania – 26,731
  5. Texas – 17,764
  6. Michigan – 14,560
  7. California – 14,367
  8. Minnesota – 10,222
  9. Georgia – 9,618
  10. Nebraska – 7,388

As of Jan. 2018

Egg Industry Statistics

  • The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 50 percent of all U.S. layers.
  • U.S. egg production during December 2017 was 9.07 billion table eggs.
  • Presently, there are approximately 55 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus layers that represent approximately 96 percent of total production and 18 companies with greater than 5 million layers.
  • To date, there are approximately 200 egg producing companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more. These companies represent about 95 percent of all the layers in the United States. In 1987, there were around 2,500 operations. (Number of operations in 1987 include some contract farms and divisions.)
  • In 2017, the average number of egg-type laying hens in the United States was 315 million. Flock size for January 1, 2018 was 321 million layers, increasing from last year’s 319. Rate of lay per day on January 1, 2018, averaged 78.7 eggs per 100 layers, down from last year 80.5.
Nutrient Whole EggEgg WhiteEgg Yolk
Energycalories721755
Proteingrams6.33.62.7
Carbohydrategrams0.360.240.61
Total Fat grams4.80.064.5
Monounsaturated Fat grams1.802
Polyunsaturated Fatgrams100.72
Saturated Fatgrams1.601.6
Trans Fatgrams0.0200.02
Cholesterolgrams1860184
Cholinegrams1260.4116
Riboflavingrams0.20.150.09
Vitamin B12grams0.450.030.33
Folategrams24125
Vitamin DIU 41037
Vitamin AIU 2700245
Vitamin B6milligrams0.0900.06
Thiaminmilligrams0.0200.03
Vitamin E milligrams0.500.44
Seleniummilligrams15.46.69.5
Phosphorusmilligrams99566
Ironmilligrams0.880.030.46
Zincmilligrams0.650.010.39
Calciummilligrams28222
Sodiummilligrams71558
Potassiummilligrams695419
Magnesium milligrams641
Note: percentage of U.S. table egg layer flock.

Source: USDA Poultty Market News & Analysis

Of the 265.08 million cases (estimated) of shell eggs produced in 2018:

  • 79.97 million cases (30.2 percent) were further processed into liquid or dried egg
  • 8.5 million cases (3.2 percent) were exported (both as shell eggs or egg products)
  • Exports of processed egg products in 2018 was 81,877 tons (valued at $133.75 million), down 18 percent with respect to 2017. In 2018, the U.S. exported 1375 million shell eggs (valued at $123.55 million), up 6 percent with respect to 2017.
  • Of the total table egg shipments, 76 percent or 196.1 million dozen were shipped to the top four export markets – Canada (31%), Japan (20%), China (18%), and Mexico (7%).

Sources: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, American Egg Board and USAPEEC