Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production
divided by the total population. It does not represent demand. (USDA
has recently adjusted data to reflect 2000 Census figures.)
*In 1995, there was a reduction in consumption due to the decrease
in bird numbers as a result of extreme heat and weather conditions.
The high point for per capita egg consumption was 402 eggs
in 1945. Per capita consumption had been steadily declining due
to life style changes with more women working and to health concerns.
Per capita consumption reached its lowest in 1991 (233.9), but has steadily
increased as the good news about eggs and cholesterol reached consumers.
Currently, the top ten egg producing states are:
Iowa has a more than 80 egg producers.
Iowa's egg producers have 40 million layers producing around
9.5 billion eggs per year.
Iowa's layers consume around 40 million bushels of corn and
20 million bushels of soybean per year.
The five largest egg producing states represent approximately
50% of all U.S. layers.
U.S. egg production during December 2005 was 6.70 billion table
eggs. Total U.S egg production during 2004 was 76.26 billion table
Presently, there are 64 egg producing companies with 1 million
plus layers and 11 companies with greater than 5 million layers.**
To date, there are approximately 260 egg producing companies
with flocks of 75,000 hens or more. These 260 companies represent
about 95% of all the layers in the U.S.** Nineteen years ago (1987),
there were around 2,500 operations.** (Number of operations in 1987
include some contract farms and divisions.)
In 2005, the average number of egg-type laying hens in the U.S. was 286 million. Flock size for January 1, 2006 was 291 million layers; up 1% from a year ago. Rate of lay per day on January 1, 2006 averaged 71.8 eggs per 100 layers, up 1 percent from a year ago.
Of the 213.9 million cases (estimated) of shell eggs produced in 2005:
- 68.2 million cases (31.9%) were further processed (for foodservice,
manufacturing, retail & export)
- 125.5 million cases (58.7%) went to retail
- 18.2 million cases (8.5%) went for foodservice use
- 2.0 million cases ( 0.9%) were exported
During the first three quarters of 2005, the U.S. exported 47.2 million dozen table eggs, an increase of 29 percent over the same period in 2004. Table egg export value for the period was $29.3 million, up 11 percent. Top markets included Canada and Hong Kong, with lesser but significant volumes shipped to the Caribbean-mainly to Cuba- and to the People’s Republic of China. During the first nine months of the year, Canada imported 19.4 million dozen table eggs, a decrease of 22 percent from 2004. Export value to Canada decreased by 32 percent to $12.6 million. Egg exports to Hong Kong totaled 16 million dozen, an increase of 63 percent. Value increased by 61 percent to $9.0 million.
Egg product exports for the first nine months of 2005 increased in value by 18 percent over the same period in 2004, to $90.5 million. Japan was the largest market for U.S. egg products, importing about $33.3 million, an increase of 124 percent. Exports to Canada, which was the largest market for U.S. egg products last year, reached $18.9 million, down 20 percent. Egg product exports to Mexico soared over the previous year, making it the third largest market. Value increased by 128 percent to $9.7 million. Korea is also a top market and rose 14 percent to $2.8 million.***
Source: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, **American Egg Board, ***USAPEEC